Useful Links and References

On Scottish English:

Corbett, John and Stuart-Smith, Jane (2013), ‘English in Scotland’ in Tometro Hopkins and John McKenny (eds), World Englishes, Vol. I: The British Isles, 189-217.

Corbett, John and Stuart-Smith, Jane (2012), ‘Standard English in Scotland’, in Ray Hickey (ed.), Standards of English: Codified Standards around the World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 72-95.

Corbett, John, McClure, Derrick, J., and Stuart-Smith, Jane (eds) (2003), The Edinburgh Companion to Scots, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.


On Glaswegian:

Macafee, Caroline (1993), Glasgow. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Stuart-Smith, Jane (1999), ‘Glasgow: Accent and voice quality’ in Paul Foulkes and Gerard Doherty (eds), Urban voices: Accent studies in the British Isles, Edward Arnold, 201-22.

And our presentations from the Sounds of the City project, under ‘Outputs’ [Outputs]


You can find out more about Scots from these websites:

and you can search spoken and written Scottish English texts for your own projects using the open-access SCOTS corpus:


on phonetics:

Knight, Rachael-Anne (2012), Phonetics: A Coursebook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ladefoged, Peter and Johnson, Keith (2011), Vowels and Consonants, Sixth Edition, Wadsworth. (earlier editions of this book, just authored by Ladefoged, and published by Blackwell, are also useful).

Ogden, Richard (2017), An Introduction to English Phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Second Edition (the first edition 2009 is also useful.


You can find out more about speech at these websites:


on sociolinguistics:

Holmes, Janet (2014), An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edn, London: Longman.

Lawson, Robert (ed.) (2014), Sociolinguistics in Scotland. London: Palgrave.

Trudgill, Peter (2000), Sociolinguistics: An Introduction to Language and Society. Penguin.


These links are also interesting:


On sound change:

Aitchison, Jean (2012), Language Change: Progress or Decay? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, David (2007), How Language Works: How Babies Babble, Words Change Meaning and Languages Live or Die. Penguin.

Harrington, Jonathan, Palethorpe, Sallyanne, and Watson, Catherine (2000), Does the Queen speak the Queen’s English? Nature. 408, 927-928